New College of Florida Brilliantly Unique; Uniquely Brilliant



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Yo! (Issue 5, Wednesday, December 1, 1993)
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YO I issue 5 Wednesday December l 1993 Happy Ho)tdays Betty Castor Speaks On-Campus by Ken Burruss Belly Castor, currently Florida's Commiss io ner of Education, spoke as one of the candidates for USF of Tampa president in an open forum last Tuesday at the Rita K i p music room of College Hall. Castor's candidacy and pos i tion as finalist has aroused controversy, most notably from some USF faculty Castor, speaking before some of the campus' top administrat ors, opened a few b r ief remarks before frelding quest i ons For the last seven years she has served as Educa t ion Commissioner a budget of over seven m i !iion dollars, one of the largest education budgets in the nation. She has managed Florida's public education programs, including every1hing from Kindergarden to graduate schools, as well as the federal Postsecondary Guaran teed Student Loan Program, w i th one million active portfo l ios Stating that she could probably remain Commissioner for several more years, Castor nonetheless is try ing for the USF presidency for what she says is the "dynamic" qual i ty of the schoo l She believes that USF can become prom i nent in several areas, such as science, the env ir onment, and teaching. She also stated that USF could focus more on education, demographics, and urban issue s than either Florrda State University or the Univers it y of Florida. Some have objected to Castor's nomination, believing her to be unqualrfied fer the pos i tion Of all the finalists, only Castor is without a Ph.D. or any teaching experience in a postsecondar y school. Recently, a pet ition was circulated among USF faculty in Tampa asking them not to support Castor Castor rejects the criticism, saying that what USF needs is someone who can pull i n resources for the school. In regards to which, Castor listed her proven track record with f und raising", her involvement with research as Comm1ssioner, her knowledge of phi lanthropic associat i ons and her close work with the business community. Castor also s tates that she is a strong advocate of faculty salaries, citing that USF salaries fall at leas t ten per cent below national averages. However, she talked about first approaching the matter by way of reviewing the system of determining salaries. In regards to New College faculty salaries, she stated that was a "special problem" The Nat Sci Winter/Christmas Party will be held on Saturday in the Selby Building. First R.C. Candidate Visits Campus by leslie Over the past couple of days, Dan Rice, a candidate for the Residence Coordinator position, has been the campus. The position has been held by Chuck Daly for the past several years. Dan Rice is from Oberlin and has four years residential life experience. He also managed a jazz and blues club for four years. As Chuck Daly describes the position, the Residence Coordinator is a "buffer person" between the students and the administration. The has a relatively large degrPI of autonomy. Chuck Daly was the first Residence Coordinator with a mental health background. Dan Rice's educational background is an M.S. ed. from Indiana University and a B .A. from Iowa State University. Dan Rice's professional work experience includes the Griswold Commons Coordinator at Oberlin from 1991 -1993 the Dascomb Hall Director at Oberlin from 1990-91 "The Workplace" Supervisor at Iowa State Memorial Un ion from 1984, and "The Maintanance Shop Activ ities Coordinator/Bar Manager at Iowa State Memor ial Union from 1980-84. His graduate work experience includes be ing the Graduate Resident Assistant at Collins Living Learn ing Center from 1989-90, the Undergraduate Human Sexu ality Course discussion leader in Spring 1990, and the Program Specialist for the Alcohol-Drug Information Center from 1988-89, and working in the Campus Community Arts Center in Spring of 1989 His part-time and summer work experience includes being a construction laborer, bar1ende r and contract seed corn detassler As far as such things as drug use, nudity, "alt ernative lifestyles" and other "deviant" behaviours he describe s himself as "not judgemental." He feels that he works from a recovery model" and does not assume that substance use and substance addiction are synonymous He does however, consider it important that everyone realizes that they don't operate in isolation--for example, not everyone wants to see someone run across campus nude; he considers important to defend both the offender and the oHendee in that situation. Continued on Page 4 Caretha Retiring Caretha Walker, a conscientious and car ing custod ial work c in the residence halls for more than ten years, is retiring on December 16. Students and staff who have had the pleasure of knowing Caretha w ill miss her warm and frrendl y presence. Thank you, Caretha, for your contribution to the residential YO! is a weekly New College Publication. It is sponsored by Dean and Worden Michelson and coordinated by leslie


ORGANIZATIONS and ACTIVITIES Adult Llteracy/ESL Tutor Training: The next training sessions for Adult Tutors will be held in January 1994. The sessions are offered by the Literacy Council of Sarasota and meet in the United Methodist Church in downtown Sarasota. If you would like to register for the workshop or would like more information about tutoring contact Lisa Cheby, 359-0516, or box 141. National Conference on Undergraduate Research: Turn your research paper, poster or artistic performance for a course, ISP, tutorial, or thesis into a presentation at the 8th NCUR, April 14-16, Western M1ch1gan University, Kalamazoo Open to all academic d1sciplines. Abstract of your proposed presentalion due December 31. Pick up a conference proposal and registration form in the Office of the Dean and Warden. Adv ise your faculty sponsor and Joyce Alspaugh in Dean M ichalson' s office of your intention to submit a proposal for the conference. Funds to subsidize student participation in NCUR are available. Recycling: Your help would be appreciated Just show up, talk to Morgan, or tell your RA"s. Every Sunday in Palm Court. Race and Gender Symposium: Formerly titled the M1nority Women's Studies Symposium Contact Rosana Cruz at box 112 for more information Womyn's Action Alliance is a group seeking to comb1ne personal d i scussion with political and social action. Contact April Richards, box 235 for more Info rmat ion. Men's Group: an open, free enviroment for discussing men s 1ssues: e.g. father/son relationships, male friend shi ps, sexual issues, etc. For more information contact Tony Lenzo at Box 156 The Womyn's Tea is an open forum {meaning anyone can come) wh ic h meets once a week, Sunday afternoon, over tea and cookies to discuss womyn s issues The talk gets very personal sometimes and very theoretical sometimes. Usually, it's somewhere in-between. We're taking book and film suggestions for our pending co!lec!:on. We're very groovy ----Ashtyn. Contact box 451 for more information. GLBSA--In December, Judith and Leon Weinstein of the local PFLAG group are coming to speak Katherine is putt1ng together a list of books, videos, etc. to acquire. If you have suggestions, her box is 346. Gender Studies: The contact person for the gender stud1es collective is Danielle, box 86. The Ladles Room: Anyone interested in painting or help1ng sketch a mural for the women's bathroom in Hammon Center, contact Sylvia Youssefi, Box 155. Erehwon Food Co-op: Orders are placed bi monthly on Mondays for delivery on Wednesdays No m i nimums required! --Anne Tazewell Box 15 or 359-0145. The Peace and Justice Coalition: The recently organized New College Peace and Justice Coalition has begun work on a project Our goal is to present Sarasota County high school students with a perspective on the military that's very different from what they hear from military recruiters. If you want to help or want more info, contact Geoff Kuntz, box 503. The Radio Formation Committee: The contact person is Josh Tickell, box 551. The Empowered Womyn In Film Series: The list of next semster's films will be available soon. --leslie. Contact Box 373 for more information Amnesty International: For more information contact Jen Robbins Box 256, 359-9742; Julia Ward Box 551, 359-9925; or Tracie Merritt Box 96. Drama Club: The perfomance of Sam Shepard's of the Starving Class has been postponed until next fall. For mora infer mation contact Konnie, box 402. Meditation Series: The counseling center is sponsoring a series for the fall semester Monday meditations are held from 8 : 00 9:00p.m. in the Music Room of College Hall. All will have informational and experiential components. Each program stands alone. The curious, the experienced, all are welcome On December 6, Nancy Long, a counselor at the New College counseling center will offer guided meditations. For more information, contact Jude Levy, Parkview House, 359-4254. Hillel Student Group: The contact person for the New College chapter of Hillel--a Jewish student group--is Michael Rothbaum, box 582. Campus Ministry: Campus Ministry BibleStudy has been changed to Tuesdays at 3 : 30 p .m. in the Campus Ministry Office. Bike Shop: The Bike shop is located at Parkview House. Hours are Tuesday 2-5p m Wednesday 12:30 4 : 30pm, and Friday 2 6pm Call 359-4254 for more information. Florida House: The Florida House Foundation has a house on the grounds of the Sarasota Vocational Institute to showcase enviromentally sound design and technology for Florida living. The house stays cool with wide roof overhangs, shade trees, lots of windows and sliding glass doors an easVwest orientation that catches the prevailing winds, and a high vented metal roof. Water bills are minimized through low-flush toilets, use of native plants for landscaping and micro -irrigation Two cisterns collect rainwater from the roof. Where possible, the builders used non-toxic, recycled and locally made products. Volunteers are needed for a variety of tasks, including pa i nting, landscaping and general clean-up. Please call Lynn Long at 951-4240 or 922-5277 FPIRG: Florida Public Interest Research Group will meet on Thursday at 6:30p. m in the Student Government Office. Wednesday December 1, 1993 YO! Page 2


Student Government Student Affairs Council: Tha SAC meats weekly on Tuesdays at 7:06 p .m. in the Campus Ministry Office. Feel free to stop in, ask for money, talk to us about policy issues, or just to see what goes on. Minutes from each meeting are posted on the NCSA bulletin board in the cafeteria. The last meeting of each month the housing, food fitness, and space committee representatives will be on hand to talk about what's up with their committees. If you have any questions, you cnn nsk Amy Laitnen (SAC chair) -box 507 Presidential Elections: Ed Moore is our President-elect. Contact him with your complaints, problems. life story, and congratulations at box 99. Publications Art rag: For more details, contact Greg Mann at 750-0933 or New College box 397. Dean's Office Magazine: We are looking for submissions for a new New College literary magazine Poetry, short stories, and art will all be considered. Our humble rag is receiving funding from the Dean's Office and is going to be distributed to incoming students next year. Talk to Lisa Swanstrom (box 461) for more mformation. Gender Issues Magazine: A regularly produced gender magazine is planned. The purpose is to provide an 1) informational outlet pertinent to gender issues, 2) an outlet for student critical papers on gender, 3) an outlet for not-so-academic writing on gender, and 4) a forum for discussing campus gender issues. To be considered for print in the first issue, drop your contribution in box 140. YO!: YO! wants your submissions. Although this is our last issue for the semester, please start thinking about what you would like to see next semester. Presently we'r e looking for articles, club information, upcoming events, short comics, division information, student government happenings, classifieds, reviews, etc. Submit to box 373 or to the publications office. Potato Art Monthly: Potato Art Monthly is looking for original xeroxes of poems. Some suggested topics: love, Buicks, wallpaper, Catholicism, fruits and vegetables, plumbing, the Iron Fist of Conformity, the Fiery End of the Universe by Aerosol Can Torch, sledding, some big ol' rabbit that won't leave ya alone Box 179 or folder on publication office door. Group ISP's Solar Power: Are you interested in learning about solar power? I am thinking about building a solar hot water heating system over January ISP. It would be great to do this with a few other students. We'll be us1ng almost all recycled materials for the system, and installing it on a house that was built by a New College student, presently loved and lived in by students' Even if you don't want to do it for credit, but want to just got laborious, get in touch with Sylvia, box 155 or call 3550714. YO!: The ISP. For details contact box 373. Chaos, Complexity, and Biology: An ISP discussion group. For details contact David Smillie through Gordon Bauer at ext. 4394. Tutorials for Spring Japanese: Are you interested in a Japanese Language Course? Please contact Beth Dorozensk1 box 62. Enviromental Economics: 1 am organizing a group tutorial for next term with Professor Elliott to study enviromental issues and how they interface with economics. Prerequisits are knowledge 1n microeconomics. If you are interested please contact Anne Tazewell box 15,359-0145. YO!: Get credit for helping to publish a newspaper whose goal is bette communication between the students, faculty, administration, university, and community. We 're looking for writers interested in issues including (but not limited to) New College, gender, race, class, gaylbillesbian, sports, health, fitness, world politics, movies, on and off campus music, community outreach, religion, original comics etc. No limit on the number of people who can participate. Just apply to box 373 Please include your area of interest--if you know it. Non-students are also invited to participate. There will be an organizational meeting towards the end of January. Everyone who 1s remotely interested is invited to attend--as is any campus organization. This newspaper represents you to the community. Get involved with it. Drama: Writing for theater/Acting wcrkshop with Dr McDiarmid. Contact Shiela box 135. write a brief description of what you want out of the class, your experience, etc. 5-8 people will be accepted. Jewish Studies: For those interested in Jewish Studies, contact Mike Rothbaum at Box 582. Wednesday, December 1 1993 YO! Page 3


The Last SAC Meeting At the last SAC meeting the topic of the formation of a Hamtlton Center Committee was discussed. In general, it was decided by the SAC that such a committee would be redundant and unnecessary. Mark Johnson, the Housing Director, agreed that the committee could very easily be foregone. The SAC was concerned that the creation of a Hamilton Center committee would lead to the venting of other not-so-related issues, like "the barefoot issue." The issues that the committee might have handled will now be addressed at an open meeting planned for the end of ISP. The hope is that the open meeting will be able to set general guidlines and standards to help keep Hamilton Center "livable. No disciplinary actions are expected to come from the meeting, with one exception: the "graphitti artist" in the women s restroom will probably be disciplined if found The matn purpose of the meeting is to raise students' awareness of the need for consideration. Issues that wtll probably be addressed include smoking, trash, recycling, scotch vs. masking tape on windows, and the amount of student money spent on building damage (i.e. the grafitti tn the women's restroom). The issue of the commtttee formation first became pertinent after an unnamed woman, who brought her daughter to visit the s:::hccl, complained to Mark Johnson about the condttion of Hamilton canter; she was especially msensed by the grafitti in the women's restroom, which she felt was degrading to women. Pro-Choice Policing A crime prevention message from the University Police A collage campus is a special place for learning and personal growth, and University Police Officers work to keep this enviroment safe for all who study, live, and work here. Students especially are faced with many important decisions effecting their future Selecting a major, deciding upon a topic for one's thesis, choosing friends and maybe a spouse are high level decisions. Durtng your stay on this campus, one choice should be an easy one If, at any time, a situation should arise that you believe the campus police should be aware of or know about, do not hesitate to call. Be it a major crists or the informal passing of information, we truly are here to serve you. The credit for the success of New College!USF Sarasota goes to the students, past and present, as does credit for keeping the campus safe. "See it, hear tt, report it" still goes a long way towards preserving the quality of life enjoyed on campus. University Police is here to protect persons and property, as well as individual rights. Do not let anyone pressure or intimidate you into relinquishing any measure of your lawful personal freedom. It's your choice. You make the call. visiting candidate for Resident Coordinator continued from page 1 Dan Rice describes himself as concerned about community. In his experience working on diHerent methods of keeping students in school, he learned a lot about student development and building an enviroment of trust. He feels that communication networks are important. He is interested in forming programs for public forums, being an activist for the students as well as a student advocate, expanding students' off-campus experiences, and poetry workshops. He is a strong advocate of learning outside of the classroom He considers himself very creative and hopes to take an educational role. When asked for a "sound-byte" to describe himself, he laughed, and described himself as an optimist. Alumnae/i Association Endowment The Alumnaefi Association has established and is continuing to build an endowment to br ing to campus alums who wish to share their expertise with current students. In the past several years, the Alumnae/i Association have sponsored a number of short term seminars and ISP projects. They are now prepared to expand the scope of the program to formal coursework and anticipate funding a pilot poetry course in the Humanities Division during second module of spring term. The Associat ion would like to fund on a regular basis at least one course per year, expanding program support as the endowment grows. The Alumnae/i Fellow Program is soliciting suggestions for their program. especially innovative projects or classes. Send any submissions to Carol Ann Wilkinson, New College Alumnae!i Association Office, 126 College Hall. Women's Awareness Month Women's Awareness Month is looking for artwork to feature on buttons and brochures next March Students, faculty, and staff are invited to sul:mit works from which one will be selected. Two color themes reflecting women which are simple and dramatic are preferred. The featured artist will be recognized dunng Women's Awareness Month. Please submit work to Anne Fisher at Parkview House no later than December 10. The committee will select the work on December 15. YO! Page 4 Wednesday, December 1, 1993


Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual Issues What's Up in the American Family Association NYPD Blue In their November/December 1993 new letter the American Family Association is urging a boycott of Warner-Lambert products based upon what the AFA calls an arrogant refusal" to remove their sponsorship of ABC's television series NYPD Blue. The AFA considers NYPD Blue to be soft-core pornography. Products manufactured by the Warner-Lambert company include Listerine and Listermint mouthwash, Benedryl, Bubaloo, Trident, Chicklets, Dentyne and Bubblicious chewing gums, Carts breath mints, Clarets breath freshener, Hall's cough drops, Sinutabs medication, and Rolaids antacid. The AFA is urging consumers to call Warner-Lambert's customer service number to tell them if you support the boycott. It is, of course also possible to call to tell the company you support their actions and are against the boycott. The number is 1-800-223-0182. The following ABC affiliates are refusing to air the program based upon AFA pressure: WJKS Channel17; P.O. Box 17000; Jacksonville, FL 32245; Phone (904) 641-1700. WTXL Channel27; 8927 Thomasville Rd.; Tallahassee, FL 32312; Phone (904) 893-3127. WMBB Channel13; 613 Harrison Ave.; Panama City, FL 32402; Phone (904) 769-2313. Locally, Jim Quinlan Chevrolet pulled all of their advertisements from their local ABC affiliate in response to pressure from the AFA Their address is Jim Quinlan Chevrolet; P.O. Box 5500; Clearwater, FL 34618; phone (813) 531-5831. The Petition Drive According to an update letter" sent out 1rom the AFA, the petition drive to "stop gay laws" is going poorly. The overall response from churches has been weak Although the AFA mailed petitions to 6,300 churches, only 400 churches responded. The AFA is preparing a major direct mail campaign to registered voters in order to produce the srgnatures needed to get the proposed amendment en the ballot. The AFA hopes to send 3 million petition forms to 1 million homes. The AFA needs 379,000 more signatures in order to get their amendment on the ballot. To quote David Caton from the AFA newslet1er, "I am convinced that our amendment petition is crucial to stop the homosexual agenda in Florida. I also know that what happens to our petitron in Flonda will impact the rest of America. Florida is the largest state in the country that is circulating an amendment to stop Special Gay Laws. I know that if we fail to get our amendment on the ballot, then Florida's legislators will be more inclined to embrace the Gay Agenda. This sentiment will likely spread to other states. We must NOT allow this to happen." To receive mailrngs from the AFA, call their "hotline" at 1-800-gay-laws and politely leave your address on therr answering machine. In The Life PBS is producing a gay/lesbian produced and directed television show titled "In the Life." The show is wr i tten and directed by an Emmy-winning team from Showtime Comedy Central, A&E, HBO, USA, and agencies on both coasts. "In The Life" is broadcast in nearly 60 markets; while some stations took the show willingly, others had to be persuaded. Supporters of the show claim that because it is produced by gays ar1d lesbians, "it presents our culture more vividly and accurately than any other TV show in history." Because public television does not sell advertising, the show relies upon viewer donations to stay on the air. At this time, the only station in Florida airing the program is WLRN in Miami and Orlando. For more Information, write: In The Network, 39 W 14th Street, Suite 401, New York, NY 10011. Queers in History The following article is reprinted from Encounter Magazine November3rd issue: What do Lawrence of Arabia, Calamity Jane, and David Bowie have in common? They, along with hundreds of others, can all be found in the new Macintosh version of the popular IBM-compatible program Queers in History I 0/H is the first computer software widely available in Gay and Lesbian bookstores and gift shops. Educational and entertaining, 0/H features a comprehensive index of Queer Culture's most prominent people. The list may be accessed in various ways, including Profession and Birthplace. for instance, type soldier and you will get a list of dozens of military leaders. OIH includes a summary of their accomplishments as well as a reference to books offering further information on the screen, or print out reports. The "politically correct" may change the titles of screens and listings to suit their needs (for instance, Queers in History can be changed to Lesbians and Gays in History). Author Keith Stern says Queers in History is uniquely positioned to take advantage of computer technology at a time of increasing interest in Queer History and Culture. "Gays in the military? In the President's Cabinet? Gay Bashing? AIDS? Civil Rights? Gays and Lesbians are center-stage in some of the biggest controversies of American society today. At the same time, computers are becoming part of our everyday lives. By enabling people to use their computers to explore Queer culture, 0/H unites these two historic trends." 0/H runs on any Macintosh or IBM-compatible PC. It takes less than 2mb of disk space, and displays on monochrome or color screen. It will run under Windows or as a DOS program. QIH is available on 3.5" or 5 .25" diskette ($1 0.95 for IBM, $14.95 for Mac) at stores nationwide or directly from Quistory ltd., P.O. Box 1064, Beverly Hills, CA 90213. Also available at Tomes and Treasures in Tampa and Lambda Passages in Miami. Wednesday, December 1, 1993 YO! Page 5


Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays P-Fiag's list of 10 things you can do to make a difference in society's perceptions of homosexuality: 1 Become a member of P-FLAG and join with the thousands of people from all walks of life, working to end discrimination against gays and lesbians. 2 Teach your children that baing gay or lesbian is simply another means of expressing love. 3 If one of your family is gay or lesbian be sure to let them know you love them just the way they are. 4. Don't tell anti-gay jokes. You just perpetuate the stereotypes about gays and lesbians. 5. Read our P-FLAG literature and find out more about what it is really like to be a lesbian or gay in our society 6. Be open with others about having lesbian or gay friends or family. Secrecy breeds shame. 7. If you overhear someone making an anti-gay comment, let them know you don't agree or approve. 8. Write congress to protest any anti-gay legislation as you become aware of it. 9. Encourage open and honest discussion of gay and lesb1an issues in your home, workplace, and church. 10. Stand with those who believe that discrimination agamst anyone is a crime against humanity. HIV Testing information supplied by HRS and SAS The major routes of infection with HIV are: through sexual intercourse with an infected person,by sharing a needle or syringe with an HIV-infected person when shooting drugs; and some people were infected through blood transfusions or blood products, but that's now very unlikely Sexual Intercourse is considered safest if you and your partner are both not infected, have never used IV drugs, and have sex only wnh each other. Activities that involve only skin-to skin contact, like dry kissing, are considered safe. Also, studies show that when used properly, a latex condom helps protect both partners. For more facts about AIDS, call the Florida AIDS hotline: 1-800-fla aids (english), 1-800-545-sida (spanish). The Sarasota AIDS Support group is sponsoring anonymous, FREE HIV testing on December 3, 5:00p.m.-8:00p.m., and December 4, 9:00am-3:00pm. Call 351-1551, after November 15 for an appointment. RA 's Now Have Safe Sex Equipment The RA's now have dental dams. These are to be used for oral sex performed on women to prevent the spread of HIV and o:her disease transmission. Reynolds nonmicrowavable plastic wrap works just as well and comes 1n your choice of yellow, red, blue, or green. As always, the RA's also have free condoms in all of the student lounges and outside their doors. If these have run out, let your RA know. Gay/Lesbian Jewish Congregation forming The following article is reprinted from the November 1 993 issue of The Gazette. Tampa--Efforts are underway by Joseph lncardone to organize a congregation of lesbian and gay Jews on the Suncoast. lncardone says a local Rabbi has agreed to officiate if enough people come together to form a congregation. Once formed, the group will hold Friday night services followed by a Oneg Shabbat, or social time. "There is a real need among Jewish gays and lesbians to coma together," says lncardone. "Other cities have had such groups for years." Now lncardone feels the time is right for lesbians and gays who are Jewish to find and support each other in their common faith and culture. A similar group formed several years ago but faltered after numerous members moved from the area Tampa MCC has offered their facilities to host the group. According to lncardona, whether the group will be affiliated with the Reform or Conservative Jewish movements will be determined by the participants. The other branch of Judaism, Orthodox, follows a strict, traditional interpretation of the Hebrew Bible and is not pro-gay. lncardone added that everyone will be welcome to visit or attend services and requests interested Jewish gays and lesbians to contact him at 813-254-4297. From THE TAMPA BAY PEACE PAPER: On January 13-17: Construction Brigade to El Salvador: Participants will live and work in Santa Marta, helping the community rebuild its education center. Cost: $800 (does not include travel to and from ES). FMI: Pastors for Peace, 331 17th Ave SE, Minneapolis, MN 55414. {612) 378-0062. February 4-6 Finding Common Ground: A Gathering of Progressive Floridians. Rollins College, Winter Park (just north of Orlando). Registration $20-60 sliding scale (does not include housing). Child care available at $10 per child. FMI: Florida Coalition for Peace and Justice, P.O. Box 2486, Orlando, FL 32802. (407) 422-3479. Also, the Mayor of St. Petersburg David Fischer is working to have the city council ban the sale of spray paint and indelible markers to minors. To express any concerns you might have about this proposal, write Mayor David Fischer, 175 Fifth St. N., St. Petersburg, FL 33701; 893-71 17. Wednesday, December 1, 1993 YO! Page 6


Religion Jewish Heritage Series T o all tho s e who are interested, the Chabad Lubavitch is off e r ing a w inte r lec t ure series entitled "Say Yes to Know. The purposo of t h e ser ies is to increase awareness of Jewish her i tage, and to give every Jew in the greater Sar a sota! area the opportunity to broaden their outlook on Judaism .The classes are as follows: Jewish Thought--Introduction to Judaism: Ses s ion #3--Chanukah, its History and Laws Chassidic P hilos ophy to be d i scussed Tuesday, December 7 at 7:00 p m Session #4--Shabbat -an Island of Time. Why is it c alle d the Shabbat Queen? What is the symbolism behind the candles, challah, and wine? How to apply the customs and traditions of the wonderful world of Shabbat. Tuesday December 21 at 7:00p m Jewish Mysticism: You will be treated to an exp lorati o n of mystica l concepts and the secrets" of T orah, prov i d i ng a fresha dn dynam i c understanding of the rntrinsic relati onsh i p between the Jew G-d, and the Torah Th1 s cou rs e will uti l i ze Kaba li stic teachings on a very compr e h e nsive and practical level so that beginners and a dva nced s tudents alike can appreciate its wisdom and won d e r T uesday, December 28 at 7 : 00p .m. Jewish History: Re-acqiant yourself with our for efathers a n d continue to learn what you didn t learn in Hebrew School. Session # 1-Creation of WorldThrough the Receic ing of Torah at Mount Sinai. Tuesday, January 4 at 7 : 00p.m. Sess i on #2--Prophets Through the Destruct ion of the Second Holy Temple Tuesday, J a nuary 1 1 a t 7 : 00p.m Session #3--Jews in Exile ; Awa i t ing the F inal Redemption T uesday, January 18 at 7 : 00p m Jewish Law: Thi s class will focus on issues facing contemporary society which require evaluation through the prism of Jew ish Law and Philosophy. Topics to be discussed : Abor i ton Halachic Definit i on of Death, Mixed Sea t ing and Danc i ng, and Eating Kosher in a Non Kosher Establishment. Tuesday, January 25 at 7 : 00p .m. Hebrew Crash Course: For those i nterested in learn ing to read hebrew or to pol i sh up skills, this course is set up for five lessons and upon completion one is able to read Hebrew Oates : Febuary 1,8, 15, 22 and March 1 at 7 : 00p m In order to allow the Chabad to prepare properly, please r e gister as soo:1 as possible There is a $5 charge per class allh ough thi s may be waived for New College s tude nts prov i ded you contact Mike Rothbaum, Box 582, PRIOR to register i ng Registration can take place in person at the synagogue Mondays and Wednesdays from 11:005 :00 p.m or by mail. The mailing address is: 7119 S Tamiam i Tr. Suite L; Sarasota, FL 34231. "What Christmas Means to Me" By Bath Nygard I'm supposed to write about what Christmas means to me as a Christian. Wall, I m not going to tell the Chr i stmas story because I would tell very badly and probably leave out some significant part, so I 'll tell you how I spend my time every Christmas Eve. My family always goes to d i nner to start out the even ing. We go to the same Chinese restaurant avery y ear, a bizarre tradition that we have. And then we all go to church, as a family We don't do thi ngs together as a family very often, but Christmas Eve is very important to us The church is decorated in wh i te and gold, the colors of Christ which represent h i s purity and majesty. T here w ill be a big tree fully decorated with lots of white lights and ornaments. All of the ornaments are either symbols representing Christ or nativity scenes. Most of them are very beautiful and have been handmade by members of our congregation. I find the church more wonderful on Christmas Eve than any other time of the year. At the service that my family attends, our pastor does not preach a sermon but instead he reads a children s story ( a different one every year) I like this because Christmas is the celebration of the birth of a very spec ial child, Jesus Christ. On that night, I don't want anyone to preach to me, I just want to be reminded of why I celebrate Christmas. We end the service by turning out the l i ghts and giving everyone an unlit candle One candle is lit at the altar a n d the light is passed on until every candle is lit. Then while holding the candles, we sing "Silent Night and as the son g ends, we leave the church with the last l i nes of the song echoing in our minds "Jesus, Lord at your birth remind s us that it is a celebration of him and this g ves a wonderfu l feeling to all who participate. The H i sto r y of Chanukah The following is reprinted from The Hanukkah Anthology Antiochus Epiphanes, son of King Antiochus, who had been a hostage in Rome became k ing in the one hundred and thiry-seventh year (of the seleucid era] of the Greek kingdom .... When, in the judgment of Antiochus, his kingdom was well established, he seized upon the idea of becoming king of the land of Egypt, so that he m i ght rule over the two kingdoms He invaded Egypt with a heavy force, with chariots, elephants, and cavalry, together with a great fleet. he waged war against Ptolemy, king of Egypt. Ptolemy turned back from before him and fled, while m any were slain They captured the fortified cities in the land of Egypt; and he despoiled the land of Egypt. After smiting Egypt, in the one hundred and forty-th ird year, Antiochus turned back, went up against Israel and entered Jerusalem with a great army. He entered the Temple in his arrogance and took the golden altar, the lamp for the light and all its equipment .Tak ing them all he carried them away to his own country. He massacred people and spoke most arrogantly. continued on page 8 Y O! Page 7 Wedne sd ay, Decemb er 1, 199 3


The History of Chanukah continued from page 7 And great was the sadness in Israel, everywhere They led the women and children captive and took possession of the cattle Then the king ordered all in his kingdom to become one people and that everyone should forsake his own laws All the heathen acquiesced in the decree of the king Even many from Israel consented to his worsh i p and sacrificed to idols and profaned the Sabbath . Whoever would not obey the order of the king was to die. Wherever a book of the covenant was found in anyone's possession or if anyone respected the Law, the decree of the king imposed the sentence of death upon him. Month after rnont11 they dealt brutally with every Israelite who was found in the .. At that time Mattathias, son of Johanan, son of Simon a priest of the family of Joarib moved away from Jerusalem, and settled in Modin He had five sons Mattathias and his sons stored their c lotltes put on sackcloth. and mourned bitterly Tllen the king's officers who were compelling the p e ople to renounce God came to the town of Modin to force them to sacrifice. Many Israelites came forward to them; even Mattathias and his sons were there The oHicers of the king said to Mattathias: You are a leader, a prominent and great man in this town You are firmly supported with sons and brothers Come forward first, and carry out the order of the king, as all the heathen, the men of Judah and tt1ose left in Jerusalem have done; then you and y o ur sons will be counted among the friends of the k i ng You and your sons will be honored with silver and gold and many gifts. Mattathias answered and replied in a loud voice: Though all the heathen within the bounds of the royal domain obey him, and each one forsake the worship of his fathers, and show preference for his commands, yet will I, my sons, and my brothers walk 1r1 tile covenant of our fathers. Far be it from us to forsake the Law and the testaments We will not listen to the decree of the king by going astray from our worsl1ip whether to the right or to the left Whe n he stopped speaking these words, a Jew came forward in sight of all to sacrifice upon the altar 1r1 M o din in accordance w ith the decree of the king Wilen Mattathias saw him he was filled with zeal, and his soul was stirred up. He brought courage to d e cision and running up he slew him upon the altar Tile king s man who was enforcing the sacrifice he also killed at the same opportune time, and pulled down tile altar. Then Mattathias shouted out in a loud voice in the town, saying : "Let everyone who is zealous for the Law, and would maintain the covenant follow me He and his sons fled to the mountains and left whatever they possessed in the town. All the refugees from misfortune joined tl1em and came to reinforce them They mustered an army and smote sinners in their anger and lawless men in their wrath, while the rest fled to the heathen to save themselves. They pursued the contemptuous ones, and the work prospered in their hands Tl1us they rescued the Law from the hand of the heathen and the kings, and gave no occasion for triumph to the sinner . Then Judah, his son who was called Maccabee, arose in his stead, And all his brothers helped him, As well as all those who were adherents of his father And gladly they fought Israel's war. He spread his people's glory far and wide, He donned a breastplate like a giant And girded on his weapons of war, He organized battles, protecting his camp with the sword; He was like a lion in his deeds, Like a lion's whelp roaring for its prey He sought out and pursued those who broke the Law And exterminated those who trouble his people Lawbreakers cowered for fear of him All workers of iniquity were thrown into confusion And deliverance was accomplished by his hand He angered many kings, But gladdened Jacob by his deeds; So forever will his memory be for a blessing He went about among the cities of Judah, And from it he utterly destoyed the godless ones ; Thus he turned away the wrath from Israel. To the ends of the earth he was renowned And he brought together those who were ready to perish . Judah and his brothers said : Now that our enemies are crushed, let us go up and pur ify and dedicate the sanctuary." And so Judah together with his fellow citizens celebrated the restoration of sacrifices in Temple for eight days omitting no form of pleasure, but feasting them on costly and splendid sacrifices, and while honoring God with songs of praise and the playing of harps at the same time delighted them . What is [the reason for] Hanukkah? For our Rabbis taught: On the twenty-fifth of Kislev the days of Hanukkah, which are eight on which a lamentation f o 1 the dead and fasting are forbidden. For when the Greeks entered the Temple, they defiled all the oils therein, and when the Hasmonean dynasty preva i l e d against and defeated them, they made search and found only one cruse oil which lay with the seal of the high priest, but which contained sufficient for one day's lighting only; yet a miracle was wrought therein and they [the lamp] therewith for eight days YO! Page 8 Wednesday, December 1, 1993


Chanukah American Style by Mike Rothbaum What does Chanukah mean for Jews today? How did it come to mean what it does? Originally, the holiday was the celebration of the Maccabbes' victory in their struggle to regain tile Temple from the Greeks in 164 CE. Accord ing to Rabbi Leo Trepp, Chanukah represents the first armed uprising for religious freedom in history By recapturing Jerusalem from the Greeks the Maccabbes were victorious not only over the i r idolator oppressors, but also over assimilat i onist Jews who tried to subjugate Judaism to the Hellenist culture of the time In tt1is way, Chanukah can be seen as a civil war within the Jewish people. As the Jewish historian Josephus, living at t11e time of the second Temple, explained it, Chanukah "is called the feast of l i ght because the free practice of our religion was to us like a rising day of ligl1t." As t i me passed however. it became the Romans turn to destroy the Temple; the Jews were once agc:un defeated and it fell upon the Rabbis to restore Jewish religion Ordinances regarding Chanukah were established by the Rabbinic authorities ruling t11at the lights be kindled in a descending order as we should "rise in holiness This ordinance served to change Chanukah from a memorial holiday of victory into a festival of hope, a call to resilience, to spiritual growth and-if necessary-a sacrifice of life. a refusal to compromise A victory celebration had been transformed into a spiritual one. These rules. however, were not to be included in the Mishnah a codification of Jewish law edited and publ i shed around 200 CEin fact, Chanukah is not even mentioned. It is possible that this is due to the political climate in which the Mishnah was written Among the activities considered capital crimes among Jews by the Roman authorities was the observance of Chanukah. This is not surprising, considering the holiday's origins as a celebration of a military victory over a vastly more powerful enemy T11e Rabbis may have considered it too provocative and thus too dangerous to restore the victory celebration In l ine with Rabbi Hillel's teaching, Chanukah was tranformed into an entirely spiritual celebration The purpose was to convey the miricle of Divine help and of Jewish spiritual survival. The message was to be emphasized throughout the festival. The Haftorah (the weekly passage of prophetic writings Jews read) for the Chanukah Sabbath concludes: "Not by might nor by power but by My spirit (will you prevail]" {Zech 2 :14-4:7). The special festival addition of thanks "AI Ha-nissim," included in the daily prayer. gives all glory and victory to God, not the Maccabbes Indeed, Chanukah reminds us of the heroism of a spiritual band of Jews, who saved the Jewish people and its religion from extermination The miracle is not merely that the oil lasted eight days; it is that the Jewish people have lasted for as long as we have We proclaim to ourselves and the world that Jewisl1 survival is a miracle, based urx>n Jewish seHaffimlation and sustained by God. Chanukah calls for a proud assertion of our Jewishness; the gifts we give to succeeding generations should represent the gifts of Jewish civilization that help us grow holier, day by day. One thing Chanukah cannot be is a Jewish substitute for Christmas The two holidays are not comparable not only because Chanukah's significance to the Jews does not match the Crhistian significance of Christmas, but also because there is simply no Jewish equivalent to the celebration of Christmas As a reverent celebration of the birth of a single man, Christmas is counter to Jewish beliefs segregating humans from God, as well as those affimling the singularity-the "oneness" of the Divine. Nevertheless, by the time the Thanksgiving dishes have been set upon the table a barrage of Christmas messages have already begun to eminate from the popular media. It can be difficult to resist the allure of jolly Santa and the festive Christmas carols Some Jews have sought to "join in the fun" by putting up "Chanukah bushes." At the risk of offending some, to me these bushes are nothing more than poor excuses for Christmas trees. There is no such thing as a Chanukah bush by asserting there is, the Jew not only sells short his/her own faith, but offends the Christian community by adulterating one of its symbols. I perhaps could be convinced that Christmas has become something of a secular holiday, and that putting up a Christmas tree does not reepresent any religious belief {though this claim seems a bit dubious). Nonetheless, let's call a spade a spade : 1ts still a Christmas tree that's in the corner. Such an emphasis upon this symbol is representative of a greater tendency among American Jewry to establish Chanukah as a Jewish counterpart to Christmas. continued on page 10 YO! Page 9 Wednesday, December 1, 1993


Chanukah American-Style continued from page 9 Because of the consumerist nature of our society, Christmas has been used to hammer away at a affluent public to go out and purchase; Peanuts specials and elaborate Christmas displays, I believe are part of th i s force. Jews, not surprisingly, are not immune to this pressure, and tend to feel left out of the cebrat ionhence, the emphasis upon Chanukah. Yet tt1is strategy is inappropriate for at least two reasons that spring to mind First, as J said before, 1t1ere exists no Jewish holidaycertainly not Chanukah -equal in significance or spectacle to Christmas. If Jews hold a puffedout Chanukah up a gainst tt1e celebrations of their Christian neighbors ttwy w ill be disappointed every time In addition it seems quite peculiar that Jews should use C h a nukah a holiday which celebrates Jewish self aff i rmation in the face of persecuti on and a s s i milation as a vehicle in which to match the a ttr ac tive but un-Jewish holiday of their surrounding c ulture When we forget that we are Jews, when we seek to assimilate into this surrounding culture believing that we are just like the rest of the world, we betray our own tradition and deny the role of God in our triumphs and accomplishments. Chanukah should be celebrated not as a watered-down sub s t 1 tute tor Christmas, but as the majestic and beautiful holiday that it has been in the past and cont i nues to be today. Mu ct1 of tt1e historical information in this artcle was taken from Rabbi Leo Trepp's article, "The Meaning of Chanukah," published in the December issue of Being Jewish There will be a Chanukah service and party on Wednesday. the 8th of December, at 7 PM. Meet in front of HarnCenterby Wednesday we will know where the party will be and bring an inexpensive toy (under $5) which can be donated to needy children in the Sarasota area. If wrapped, please indiC

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