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Determining the Rate and Activation Energy of rRNA Degradation under Prebiotic Earth Conditions

Permanent Link: http://ncf.sobek.ufl.edu/NCFE004202/00001

Material Information

Title: Determining the Rate and Activation Energy of rRNA Degradation under Prebiotic Earth Conditions
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Abernathy, Alice
Publisher: New College of Florida
Place of Publication: Sarasota, Fla.
Creation Date: 2010
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: RNA
RNA World Hypothesis
Evolution of Life
Prebiotic Earth
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The RNA world hypothesis proposes RNA dominated the early biochemical landscape of Earth and functioned both as an information storage molecule and in catalysis, as the predecessor of DNA and protein respectively. If the RNA world existed, RNA must have been able to persist in the harsh conditions of prebiotic Earth. To clarify the conditions under which the RNA world hypothesis is feasible, this study determined the rate and activation energy of the degradation of rRNA extracted from Methanosarcina acetivorans in a number of prebiotically relevant solutions. Compared to pure water at neutral pH, high concentrations of magnesium chloride and sodium bicarbonate were found to severely weaken the integrity of RNA, thus expediting the rate of degradation. Conversely, sodium chloride , sodium oxalate, and sodium borate provided some stabilization. The rates of these reactions were greatly influenced by temperature and identity of ions in solution, and suggest the stability of RNA in prebiotic Earth would have been dependant on the temperature and ionic strength of the solution.
Statement of Responsibility: by Alice Abernathy
Thesis: Thesis (B.A.) -- New College of Florida, 2010
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO NCF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The New College of Florida, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Local: Faculty Sponsor: Walstrom, Katherine

Record Information

Source Institution: New College of Florida
Holding Location: New College of Florida
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: local - S.T. 2010 A1
System ID: NCFE004202:00001

Permanent Link: http://ncf.sobek.ufl.edu/NCFE004202/00001

Material Information

Title: Determining the Rate and Activation Energy of rRNA Degradation under Prebiotic Earth Conditions
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Abernathy, Alice
Publisher: New College of Florida
Place of Publication: Sarasota, Fla.
Creation Date: 2010
Publication Date: 2010

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: RNA
RNA World Hypothesis
Evolution of Life
Prebiotic Earth
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: The RNA world hypothesis proposes RNA dominated the early biochemical landscape of Earth and functioned both as an information storage molecule and in catalysis, as the predecessor of DNA and protein respectively. If the RNA world existed, RNA must have been able to persist in the harsh conditions of prebiotic Earth. To clarify the conditions under which the RNA world hypothesis is feasible, this study determined the rate and activation energy of the degradation of rRNA extracted from Methanosarcina acetivorans in a number of prebiotically relevant solutions. Compared to pure water at neutral pH, high concentrations of magnesium chloride and sodium bicarbonate were found to severely weaken the integrity of RNA, thus expediting the rate of degradation. Conversely, sodium chloride , sodium oxalate, and sodium borate provided some stabilization. The rates of these reactions were greatly influenced by temperature and identity of ions in solution, and suggest the stability of RNA in prebiotic Earth would have been dependant on the temperature and ionic strength of the solution.
Statement of Responsibility: by Alice Abernathy
Thesis: Thesis (B.A.) -- New College of Florida, 2010
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO NCF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The New College of Florida, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Local: Faculty Sponsor: Walstrom, Katherine

Record Information

Source Institution: New College of Florida
Holding Location: New College of Florida
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: local - S.T. 2010 A1
System ID: NCFE004202:00001


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