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Patents versus People

Permanent Link: http://ncf.sobek.ufl.edu/NCFE003514/00001

Material Information

Title: Patents versus People TRIPS, the USTR, International Advocacy Groups, and Access to Medication in Developing Countries
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Guha, Anne Mira
Publisher: New College of Florida
Place of Publication: Sarasota, Fla.
Creation Date: 2005
Publication Date: 2005

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS)
Brazil
South Africa
Argentina
Unilateralism
Pharmaceutical Patents
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: On paper, the 1994 World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) appears to address divergences between country positions regarding intellectual property (IP) rights; it aims to further IP protection in developing countries as per developed country desires, yet also provides safeguards (on issues such as public health) to address developing country concerns. In actuality, however, IP protection has remained controversial and ultimately vulnerable to U.S. unilateralism. This thesis is particularly concerned with the conflict over pharmaceutical patents (particularly in the area of HIV / AIDS) which can serve to limit the availability of expensive medications needed by many developing country populations yet are still pursued by the Office of the United States Trade Representative's (USTR). The USTR has made numerous unilateral attempts to enforce its own IP priorities (and its own interpretations of TRIPS) abroad. Although many U.S. trade partners acquiesce and incorporate stronger IP standards (often going beyond their TRIPS commitments) some have successfully resisted U.S. pressure despite tremendous U.S. power advantages. This thesis is concerned with exploring these variations within the broader context of the TRIPS Agreement. It highlights the influence of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), or advocacy groups, suggesting that one explanation for developing country successes may lie in the presence of international campaigns launched by these groups on behalf of developing country positions on this issue. These NGOs utilize Information Politics, Symbolic Politics, and Accountability Politics towards increasing the Moral Leverage of their position, in order to try to generate international pressure and ultimately overcome the U.S.'s overwhelming access to Material Leverage.
Statement of Responsibility: by Anne Mira Guha
Thesis: Thesis (B.A.) -- New College of Florida, 2005
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO NCF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The New College of Florida, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Local: Faculty Sponsor: Alcock, Frank

Record Information

Source Institution: New College of Florida
Holding Location: New College of Florida
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: local - S.T. 2005 G9
System ID: NCFE003514:00001

Permanent Link: http://ncf.sobek.ufl.edu/NCFE003514/00001

Material Information

Title: Patents versus People TRIPS, the USTR, International Advocacy Groups, and Access to Medication in Developing Countries
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Guha, Anne Mira
Publisher: New College of Florida
Place of Publication: Sarasota, Fla.
Creation Date: 2005
Publication Date: 2005

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords: Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR)
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS)
Brazil
South Africa
Argentina
Unilateralism
Pharmaceutical Patents
Genre: bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
born-digital   ( sobekcm )
Electronic Thesis or Dissertation

Notes

Abstract: On paper, the 1994 World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) appears to address divergences between country positions regarding intellectual property (IP) rights; it aims to further IP protection in developing countries as per developed country desires, yet also provides safeguards (on issues such as public health) to address developing country concerns. In actuality, however, IP protection has remained controversial and ultimately vulnerable to U.S. unilateralism. This thesis is particularly concerned with the conflict over pharmaceutical patents (particularly in the area of HIV / AIDS) which can serve to limit the availability of expensive medications needed by many developing country populations yet are still pursued by the Office of the United States Trade Representative's (USTR). The USTR has made numerous unilateral attempts to enforce its own IP priorities (and its own interpretations of TRIPS) abroad. Although many U.S. trade partners acquiesce and incorporate stronger IP standards (often going beyond their TRIPS commitments) some have successfully resisted U.S. pressure despite tremendous U.S. power advantages. This thesis is concerned with exploring these variations within the broader context of the TRIPS Agreement. It highlights the influence of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), or advocacy groups, suggesting that one explanation for developing country successes may lie in the presence of international campaigns launched by these groups on behalf of developing country positions on this issue. These NGOs utilize Information Politics, Symbolic Politics, and Accountability Politics towards increasing the Moral Leverage of their position, in order to try to generate international pressure and ultimately overcome the U.S.'s overwhelming access to Material Leverage.
Statement of Responsibility: by Anne Mira Guha
Thesis: Thesis (B.A.) -- New College of Florida, 2005
Electronic Access: RESTRICTED TO NCF STUDENTS, STAFF, FACULTY, AND ON-CAMPUS USE
Bibliography: Includes bibliographical references.
Source of Description: This bibliographic record is available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. The New College of Florida, as creator of this bibliographic record, has waived all rights to it worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.
Local: Faculty Sponsor: Alcock, Frank

Record Information

Source Institution: New College of Florida
Holding Location: New College of Florida
Rights Management: Applicable rights reserved.
Classification: local - S.T. 2005 G9
System ID: NCFE003514:00001

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